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Table 2 Arrest and hospital characteristics according to dextrose administration

From: The administration of dextrose during in-hospital cardiac arrest is associated with increased mortality and neurologic morbidity

Characteristic Received dextrose during cardiac arrest P value
No Yes
(n = 95,856) (n = 4,173)
Location and time of the arrest, number (percentage)    
Location    <0.001
Floor without telemetry 15,855 (16.6) 1,025 (24.6)  
Floor with telemetry 16,710 (17.4) 730 (17.5)  
Intensive care unit 45,011 (47.0) 1,597 (38.3)  
Emergency department 10,363 (10.8) 544 (13.0)  
Other 6,974 (7.6) 276 (6.6)  
Time of day    <0.001
Day (7 a.m. -10:59 p.m.) 63,897 (67.6) 2,666 (64.5)  
Night (11 p.m.-6:59 a.m.) 30,673 (32.4) 1,467 (35.5)  
Time of week, number (percentage)    0.30
Weekday (Monday-Friday) 65,269 (68.8) 2,818 (68.0)  
Weekend (Saturday-Sunday) 29,642 (31.2) 1,326 (32.0)  
Hospital-wide response called, number (percentage) 76,720 (80.0) 3,361 (80.5) 0.40
Characteristic of the arrest    
Monitoring, number (percentage) 78,166 (81.6) 3,053 (73.2) <0.001
Witnessed, number (percentage) 78,262 (81.7) 3,050 (73.1) <0.001
First rhythm shockable (VT or VF), number (percentage) 18,340 (20.3) 517 (13.0) <0.001
Mechanical ventilation in place, number (percentage) 27,928 (29.1) 1,103 (26.4) <0.001
Airway inserted during event, number (percentage) 51,028 (53.3) 2,680 (64.2) <0.001
Presumed cause(s) of arrest, number (percentage)    
Arrhythmia 56,147 (58.9) 2,215 (53.4) <0.001
Hypotension/Hypoperfusion 37,571 (39.4) 1,596 (38.5) 0.22
Active/Evolving MI 8,919 (9.4) 270 (6.5) <0.001
Acute respiratory insufficiency 37,064 (38.9) 1,670 (40.3) 0.08
Metabolic/Electrolyte abnormality 10,809 (11.4) 860 (20.7) <0.001
Other 7,619 (8.0) 345 (8.3) 0.46
Unknown 10,340 (10.9) 578 (13.9) <0.001
Downtime in minutes, median (IQR) 12 (6–21) 18 (10–27) <0.001
Medications given during the event, number (percentage)    
Amiodarone 14,806 (15.5) 703 (16.9) 0.01
Epinephrine 84,336 (88.0) 4,019 (96.3) <0.001
Atropine 67,947 (70.9) 3,490 (83.6) <0.001
Magnesium sulfate 7,156 (7.5) 567 (13.6) <0.001
Lidocaine 10,152 (10.6) 381 (9.1) 0.003
Sodium bicarbonate 43,775 (45.7) 3,111 (74.6) <0.001
Fluid bolus 28,011 (29.2) 1,452 (34.7) <0.001
Calcium chloride/gluconate 20,188 (21.1) 1,955 (46.9) <0.001
Norepinephrine 12,500 (13.0) 675 (16.2) <0.001
Dopamine 23,078 (24.1) 1,037 (24.1) 0.25
Hospital characteristics, number (percentage)    
Bed size    <0.001
1-249 23,450 (24.2) 908 (21.7)  
250-499 44,001 (45.9) 1,836 (44.0)  
500+ 28,408 (29.6) 1,429 (34.1)  
Teaching status    <0.001
Major 25,246 (26.3) 1,527 (36.6)  
Minor 33,930 (35.3) 1,162 (27.7)  
Non-teaching 36,680 (38.2) 1,484 (35.4)  
Ownership    <0.001
Private 12,247 (12.8) 540 (12.9)  
Government 14,407 (15.0) 899 (21.5)  
Non-profit 69,202 (72.2) 2,734 (65.5)  
Location    <0.001
Rural 6,274 (6.5) 216 (5.2)  
Urban 89,582 (93.5) 3,957 (94.8)  
Geographical location    <0.001
North-East 10,484 (10.9) 491 (11.7)  
South-East 26,019 (27.1) 1,125 (26.9)  
Mid-West 23,539 (21.0) 1,099 (26.9)  
South-West 19,998 (20.9) 864 (21.4)  
West 15,816 (16.5) 564 (13.5)  
  1. IQR, interquartile range; PEA, pulseless electrical activity; VF, ventricular fibrillation; VT, ventricular tachycardia.