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Figure 4 | Critical Care

Figure 4

From: Closed-loop assisted versus manual goal-directed fluid therapy during high-risk abdominal surgery: a case–control study with propensity matching

Figure 4

Goal-directed fluid therapy compliance by group. Box plots for the manual and closed-loop assisted groups, including outliers, are shown. The closed-loop assistance not only improved mean compliance to goal-directed fluid therapy (GDT) principles but also substantially reduced the variability in compliance within the group (manual group compliance standard deviation (SD) =14%, closed-loop group compliance SD =6%). Asterisks represent outliers, dot represent extreme outliers.

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