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Table 1 A comparison of intensive care unit (ICU) scoring systems (from [47] with permission)

From: State of the art review: the data revolution in critical care

ICU scoring system Timing of data collected Physiological values Other required data Total data elements required Original reported mortality prediction performance
SAPS III Prior to and within 1 hour of ICU admission 10 Age, six chronic health variables, ICU admission diagnosis, ICU admission source, LOS prior to ICU admission, emergency surgery, infection on admission, four variables for surgery type 26 AUC  =  84.8% (n  =  16,784)
APACHE IV First ICU day (16–32 h depending on time of admission) 17 Age, six chronic health variables, ICU admission diagnosis, ICU admission source, LOS prior to ICU admission, emergency surgery, thrombolytic therapy, FiO2, mechanical ventilation 32 AUC  =  88.0% (n  =  52,647)
MPM0-III Prior to and within 1 hour of ICU admission 3 Age, three chronic health variables, five acute diagnosis variables, admission type (e. g., medical-surgical) and emergency surgery, CPR within 1 h of ICU admission, mechanical ventilation, code status 16 AUC  =  82.3% (n  =  50,307)
  1. SAPS: Simplified Acute Physiology Score; MPM: Mortality Prediction Model; APACHE: Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation; AUC: area under the curve; CPR: cardiopulmonary resuscitation; LOS: length of stay.