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Table 4 Aetiology of failed source control in patients with persistent peritonitis, depending on the previous diagnosis

From: Dynamic changes of microbial flora and therapeutic consequences in persistent peritonitis

Index operation for postoperative peritonitis First reoperation Second reoperation Third reoperation
n = 98 n = 98 n = 54 n = 21
Bowel perforations n = 48 Bowel perforations n = 17 Bowel perforations n =14 Bowel perforations n =4
12 bowel perforations at S0 3 bowel perforations at R1 1 purulent collection at R2
5 suture leakages at S0 5 suture leakages at R1 2 suture leakages at R2
2 purulent collections at S0 1 purulent collection at R1 1 other cause at R2
4 other causes at S0 2 other causes at R1
3 no causes at R1
Suture leakages n = 30 Suture leakages n = 25 Suture leakages n = 9 Suture leakages n = 4
10 bowel perforations at S0 1 bowel perforation at R1 2 bowel perforations at R2
11 suture leakages at S0 4 suture leakages at R1 2 suture leakages at R2
5 purulent collections at S0 1 purulent collection at R1
4 other causes at S0 3 no causes at R1
Purulent collections n = 20 Purulent collections n = 27 Purulent collections n = 15 Purulent collections n = 5
13 bowel perforations at S0 2 bowel perforations at R1 2 bowel perforations at R2
9 suture leakages at S0 4 suture leakages at R1 1 suture leakages at R2
6 purulent collections at S0 4 purulent collections at R1 1 purulent collection at R2
4 other causes at S0 2 other causes at R1 1 other cause at R2
3 no causes at R1
Other causes n = 19 Other causes n = 8 Other causes n = 10 Other causes n = 2
3 suture leakages at S0 3 bowel perforations at R1 1 suture leakage at R2
3 perforations at S0 3 suture leakages at R1 1 purulent collection at R2
3 purulent collections at S0 2 purulent collections at R1
2 other causes at S0 1 other cause at R1
  No causes n = 21 No causes n = 6 No causes n = 6
13 bowel perforations at S0 3 purulent collections at R1 2 suture leakages at R2
2 suture leakages at S0 2 suture leakages at R1 2 purulent collections at R2
4 purulent collections at S0 1 no cause at R1 2 other causes at R2
5 other causes at S0   
  1. S0, index surgery; R1, first reoperation; R2, second reoperation; R3, third reoperation.