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Table 3 Characteristics of the patients’ perceived to be receiving ‘inappropriate care’

From: Perceptions of the appropriateness of care in California adult intensive care units

  Numerator/
denominator (percentage)a
Female gender 331/656 (50.5)
Age  
 18-45 71/664 (10.7)
 46-65 159/664 (24.0)
 66-79 228/664 (34.3)
 >80 206/664 (31.0)
Days in the ICU  
 0-7 days 329/664 (49.6)
 8-29 days 226/664 (34.0)
 >30 days 109/664 (16.4)
Main clinical reason for admission  
 Sepsis 254/622 (40.8)
 Trauma 30/622 (4.8)
 Neurological disease 75/622 (12.1)
 Cardiac disease 80/622 (12.9)
 Post-operative monitoring 28/622 (4.5)
 Other 155/622 (24.9)
Functional status prior to ICU admission  
 Able to carry out normal activities 199/616 (32.3)
 Able to live at home but needs some assistance 182/616 (29.6)
 Unable to care for self, needs institutional support 235/616 (38.2)
Moderate-severe comorbidities prior to admission  
 None 115/665 (17.3)
 Heart failure 250/665 (37.6)
 Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease 162/665 (24.4)
 Dementia 143/665 (21.5)
 Active metastatic cancer 118/665 (17.7)
 Other 16/665 (2.4)
Current ICU level interventions  
 Mechanical ventilation 408/665 (61.3)
 Vasopressors 282/665 (42.4)
 Dialysis 163/665 (24.5)
 Massive transfusion 160/665 (24.1)
 None 160/665 (24.1)
Estimate of the patient’s illness trajectory  
 Uncertain prognosis 113/624 (18.1)
 Patient likely to improve 203/624 (32.5)
 Patient unlikely to survive despite treatment 308/624 (49.4)
Advanced directive at admission to the ICU (Yes) 153/561 (27.3)
Family meeting occurred (Yes) 350/577 (60.6)
  1. aAll data are shown as number/total number (percentage) or median (interquartile range). Owing to rounding, percentages may not sum to 100%. Denominators may differ because of missing data. ICU, intensive care unit.