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Table 2 Surgery-related data and Risk Adjustment for Congenital Heart Surgery scores of infants with versus without acute kidney injury after undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass surgery a

From: Intraoperative renal near-infrared spectroscopy indicates developing acute kidney injury in infants undergoing cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass: a case–control study

  AKI No AKI P -value
Biventricular correction, n (%) 11 (39%) 22 (71%) 0.01
Univentricular palliation: cyanotic, n (%) 17 (61%) 9 (29%) 0.01
Shunt, n (%) 15 (54%) 3 (10%) P < 0.01
PCPC, n (%) 2 (7%) 6 (19%)
Operation time (min) 174 (80 to 530) 150 (80 to 555) 0.45
Bypass (min) 75 (30 to 150) 77 (23 to 160) 0.9
Aortic cross-clamp (min) 28 (0 to 83) 47 (0 to 110) 0.07
Circulatory arrest (min) 0 (0 to 53) 0 (0 to 44) 0.12
RACHS-1 score    
  2 and 3, n (%) 15 (56) 22 (69) 0.42
  4 to 6, n (%) 12 (44) 10 (31) 0.42
  1. aThe operation data and the Risk Adjustment for Congenital Heart Surgery (RACHS-1) score are listed as median and range or individual values. AKI, Acute kidney injury; PCPC, Partial cavopulmonary connection.