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Table 2 Incidence of new-onset atrial fibrillation in patients with various stages of sepsis

From: Incidence, risk factors and outcomes of new-onset atrial fibrillation in patients with sepsis: a systematic review

Reference Disease stage
Sepsis Severe sepsis Septic shock
ICU population
Arora et al., 2007 [16] [ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 9/18 (50%) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -]
Christian et al., 2008 [17] 6/184 (3%) 10/90 (11%)
Gomez et al., 2012 [18] 0/10 (0%) 1/28 (4%) 4/62 (6%)
Goodman et al., 2007 [19] [ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 37/149 (25%) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -]
Meierhenrich et al., 2010 [20]    23/50 (46%)
Salman et al., 2008 [21] 2/14 (14%) 3/13 (23%) 20/54 (37%)
Seguin et al., 2006 [22] 3/29 (10%) 2/7 (29%)
Seguin et al., 2004 [23] 5/84 (6%) 7/23 (30%)
Wells et al., 2011 [26]   132/465 (28%)
Mixed population
Walkey et al., 2011 [24]*   1074/20253 (5%) 1822/28829 (6%)
  1. The numerators of the fractions in this table display the number of patients with new-onset AF, the denominators of the fractions display the total number of patients at risk in the specific sepsis stages. Whenever the incidence of new-onset AF for the various stages of sepsis was not reported separately, the combined incidences are shown. *This study included hospitalized patients with severe sepsis and septic shock, based on ICD-9-CM discharge codes; although most patients had been admitted to the ICU, the study was not formally restricted to critically ill patients only (source: personal communication by the author). AF: atrial fibrillation; ICD-9-CM: International Classification of Diseases-Ninth Revision-Clinical Modification; ICU: intensive care unit.