Skip to main content

Table 3 Patients’ characteristics by Trauma Induced Coagulopathy Clinical Score groups a

From: Prehospital identification of trauma patients with early acute coagulopathy and massive bleeding: results of a prospective non-interventional clinical trial evaluating the Trauma Induced Coagulopathy Clinical Score (TICCS)

   TICCS <10 TICCS ≥10  
Variables Category N Median (IQR) n (%) N Median (IQR) or n (%) P -values
Sex   71   11   0.44
  F   17 (23.9)   1 (9.1)  
  M   54 (76.1)   10 (90.9)  
Age (yr)   71 34.0 (23.0 to 45.0) 11 35.0 (18.0 to 43.0) 0.94
EXTEM   43   7   <0.0001
  Hypocoagulability   1 (2.3)   7 (100.0)  
  Normal   42 (97.7)   0 (0.0)  
FIBTEM   43   7   <0.0001
  Hypocoagulability   6 (14.0)   7 (100.0)  
  Normal   37 (86.0)   0 (0.0)  
INR at admission   71 1.0 (1.0 to 1.1) 10 1.3 (1.1 to 1.4) 0.0048
INR after 3 hr   60 1.1 (1.1 to 1.2) 9 1.4 (1.3 to 1.5) 0.0002
Fibrinogen at admission (g/L)   71 2.8 (2.2 to 3.3) 10 1.7 (1.3 to 2.0) 0.0041
Fibrinogen after 3 hr (g/L)   59 3.2 (2.3 to 3.8) 9 1.5 (1.3 to 1.5) <0.0001
Hb at admission (g/L)   71 13.9 (13.1 to 15.1) 10 12.4 (9.4 to 14.0) 0.026
Haemorrhagic shock   71   11   <0.0001
  No   70 (98.6)   1 (9.1)  
  Yes   1 (1.4)   10 (90.9)  
Emergent surgical haemostasis   71   11   <0.0001
  No   67 (94.4)   4 (36.4)  
  Yes   4 (5.6)   7 (63.6)  
RBCs transfused day 1 (U)   71 0.0 (0.0 to 1.0) 11 6.0 (3.0 to 12.0) <0.0001
FFP transfused day 1 (U)   71 0.0 (0.0 to 0.0) 11 4.0 (2.0 to 8.0) <0.0001
Platelets transfused   71   11   0.0002
day 1 No   71 (100.0)   7 (63.6)  
  Yes   0 (0.0)   4 (36.4)  
24-hr survival   71   11   <0.0001
  No   1 (1.4)   6 (54.6)  
  Yes   70 (98.6)   5 (45.4)  
30-day survival   71   11   0.0002
  No   4 (5.6)   6 (54.6)  
  Yes   67 (94.4)   5 (45.4)  
  1. aEXTEM, Extrinsic thromboelastometry; FFP, Fresh frozen plasma; FIBTEM, Fibrinogen thromboelastometry; Hb, Haemoglobin; INR, International normalized ratio; RBCs, Red blood cells; TICCS, Trauma Induced Coagulopathy Clinical Score.