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Table 4 Comparison between patients with pediatric cerebral performance category (PCPC) 1 to 2 and those with PCPC >2

From: Post return of spontaneous circulation factors associated with mortality in pediatric in-hospital cardiac arrest: a prospective multicenter multinational observational study

  PCPC 1 to 2 PCPC >2 P -value
Mean (SD) Mean (SD)
Gasometry 1 h    
pH 7.29 (0.14) 7.24 (0.17) 0.120
PaO2, mmHg 118.0 (104.9) 88.3 (58.8) 0.330
PaO2/FiO2 175.1 (143.1) 121.2 (89.8) 0.111
PaCO2, mmHg 46.1 (14.5) 45.6 (19.4) 0.297
CO3H mEq/L 21.8 (6.9) 19.1 (7.4) 0.025
Base excess -3.4 (9.6) -7.1 (9.4) 0.042
Lactic acid, mmol/L 5.8 (11.3) 8.1 (6.5) 0.003
FiO2 77.9 (27.8) 76.8 (26.8) 0.867
Gasometry 24 h    
pH 7.39 (0.08) 7.39 (0.12) 0.546
PaO2, mmHg 96.7 (66.0) 77.4 (40.3) 0.094
PaO2/FiO2 207.1 (132.7) 162.5 (119.8) 0.053
PaCO2, mmHg 42.7 (10.7) 43.8 (13.1) 0.681
CO3H, mEq/L 25.2 (5.0) 26.2 (6.7) 0.389
Base excess 0.6 (5.2) 1.5 (7.7) 0.710
Lactic acid, mmol/L 2.2 (2.9) 6.8 (20.7) 0.405
FiO2 53.3 (24.4) 57.9 (26.4) 0.425
Lactic acid clearance, % 37.1 (81.9) 72.6 (19.2) 0.009
Mechanical ventilation, % 94.4 97.4 0.667
Vasoactive treatment    
Patients with pressors after ROSC, % 57.9 77.5 0.033
Inotropic score after ROSC 45.3 (78.4) 36.4 (52.6) 0.693
Patients with dopamine, % 34 43.2 0.349
Dopamine dose, mcg/kg/min 9.4 (4.9) 10.7 (5.9) 0.518
Patients with dobutamine, % 19 40.9 0.007
Dobutamine dose, mcg/kg/min 13.7 (8.1) 9.2 (4.9) 0.070
Patients with adrenaline, % 20 18.2 1.000
Adrenaline dose, mcg/kg/min 0.6 (0.6) 0.4 (0.1) 0.667
Patients with noradrenaline, % 12 13.6 0.789
Noradrenaline dose, mcg/kg/min 0.8 (0.7) 1.3 (0.9) 0.312
Patients with milrinone, % 20 11.4 0.241
Milrinone dose, mcg/kg/min 0.8 (0.2) 0.8 (0.3) 0.812
Length of stay    
Days in the Pediatric ICU 17.3 (17.9) 22.3 (24.6) 0.610
Days in hospital ward 16.3 (18.1) 21.0 (26.0) 0.648
  1. Significant values marked in bold. ROSC, return of spontaneous circulation.