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Table 4 Risk of acute kidney injury with albumin administration in propensity-matched patients with a perioperative cardiovascular Sequential Organ Failure Assessment score of zero a

From: Albumin administration is associated with acute kidney injury in cardiac surgery: a propensity score analysis

  No albumin ( n = 50) Any albumin ( n = 50) P -value
Age (yr) 70 ± 9 69 ± 9 0.81
GFR (ml/min/1.73 m2) 62 ± 19 63 ± 17 0.99
≤35%, 36% to 49%, ≥50% (%) 10, 12, 78 5, 16, 79 0.78
Preoperative hemoglobin (g/L) 130 ± 16 127 ± 19 0.26
Diuretics (%) 46 46 1.00
Heart valve surgery (%) 24 18 0.47
Duration of ECC (hr) 1.2 ± 0.5 1.2 ± 0.5 0.63
Crystalloids perioperatively until 36 hr postoperativelyb (ml/kg) 76 ± 31 75 ± 26 0.89
Any HES 6% received perioperatively until 36 hr postoperatively (%) 84 90 0.38
Dose of HES 6% receivedb (ml/kg) 16 (11 to 22) 12 (7 to 18) 0.10
Any pentastarch 10% perioperatively until 36 hr postoperatively (%) 50 48 0.84
Dose of pentastarch 10% receivedb (ml/kg) 14 (9 to 20) 6 (4 to 15) 0.02
Red blood cell transfusions, 0, 1, 2, ≥3 U (%) 36, 14, 14, 35 11, 11, 37, 42 0.05
Fresh frozen plasma transfusions, 0, ≤5, >5 U (%) 69, 25, 6 58, 42, 0 0.21
Platelet transfusions, 0, ≤10, >10 U (%) 78, 20, 2 68, 32, 0 0.44
AKI    
  AKIN stage 1 (%) 8 30 0.005
  RIFLE risk (%) 4 12 0.14
  RIFLE injury (%) 4.0 4.0 1.00
  1. aAKIN, Acute Kidney Injury Network; AKI, Acute kidney injury; ECC, Extracorporeal circulation; GFR, Glomerular filtration rate; HES, Hydroxyethyl starch; LVEF, Left ventricular ejection fraction; RIFLE, Risk, injury, failure, loss and end-stage kidney disease; SOFA, sequential organ failure assessment score. bThe median (IQR) given applies to the subgroup that received the colloid.