Skip to main content

Table 1 Epidemiologic and clinical characteristics of patients admitted to the intensive care unit from 2005 to 2010

From: Mortality of patients infected with HIV in the intensive care unit (2005 through 2010): significant role of chronic hepatitis C and severe sepsis

  1a: Non-HIV versus all HIV patients 1b: HIV versus HIV/HCV patients
Control group All HIV group P value HIV group HIV/HCV group p-value
Number of patients 7,496 1,891   1,191 (63%) 700 (37%)  
Gender (male) 5,827 (77.73%) 1,466 (77.52%) 0.869 911 (76.49%) 555 (79.28%) 0.177
Age (years) 44 (36-49) 43 (38-48) 0.064 43 (38-50) 43 (39-47) 0.060
Abuse of alcohol and drugs 2,453 (32.72%) 942 (49.81%) <0.001 494 (41.48%) 448 (64.00%) <0.001
Length of hospital stay (days) 5 (1-25) 7 (2-21) <0.001 9 (2-25) 5 (1-14) <0.001
Conditions influencing health status       
Surgical conditions (V42, V45) 302 (4.02%) 80 (4.23%) 0.740 53 (4.45%) 27 (3.85%) 0.616
Trauma (E880* to E929*, E950 to E999*) 350 (4.66%) 97 (5.12%) 0.435 64 (5.37%) 33 (4.71%) 0.603
CHC-related comorbidities       
Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis 851 (11.35%) 248 (13.11%) 0.036 106 (8.90%) 203 (29.00%) <0.001
Decompensated cirrhosis 736 (9.82%) 224 (11.85%) 0.010 82 (6.88%) 142 (20.29%) <0.001
Liver cancer 16 (0.21%) 8 (0.42%) 0.174 2 (0.17%) 6 (0.86%) 0.062
Liver transplant 48 (0.64%) 11 (0.58%) 0.900 3 (0.25%) 8 (1.14%) 0.031
AIDS-related comorbidities       
Central nervous system disease 31 (0.41%) 24 (1.27%) <0.001 15 (1.26%) 9 (1.29%) 1
Cancer 73 (0.97%) 91 (4.81%) <0.001 72 (6.05%) 19 (2.71%) 0.002
Kaposi sarcoma - 27 (1.43%) NA 25 (2.10%) 2 (0.29%) 0.003
Non-Hodgkin lymphoma 73 (0.97%) 65 (3.44%) <0.001 49 (4.11%) 16 (2.29%) 0.048
Wasting syndrome 151 (2.01%) 98 (5.18%) <0.001 65 (5.46%) 33 (4.71%) 0.551
  1. Values are expressed as absolute number (percentage) and median (percentile 25; percentile 75). Values were calculated by χ2 test and Mann-Whitney U test; and P values in bold indicate statistically significant differences between groups. HCV, hepatitis C virus; HIV, human immunodeficiency virus.