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Table 4 Availability of disposable material to implement the surviving sepsis campaign guidelines

From: Availability of critical care resources to treat patients with severe sepsis or septic shock in Africa: a self-reported, continent-wide survey of anaesthesia providers

  African countries
N= 263
High-income countries
N= 44
P-value
  Always Some-times Never Don't know Always Some-times Never Don't know  
Disposable material          
IV cannula 253 (97.3) 6 (2.3) 1 (0.4) 0 44 (100) 0 0 0 0.55
IV fluid giving set 253 (97.7) 3 (1.2) 3 (1.2) 0 44 (100) 0 0 0 0.6
Urinary catheter 249 (95.4) 12 (4.6) 0 0 44 (100) 0 0 0 0.15
Nasogastric tube 246 (94.3) 15 (5.7) 0 0 44 (100) 0 0 0 0.1
Endotracheal tube 251 (96.5) 6 (2.3) 3 (1.2) 0 44 (100) 0 0 0 0.46
Oxygen face mask 252 (96.6) 7 (2.7) 2 (0.8) 0 44 (100) 0 0 0 0.46
Oxygen nasal cannula 212 (81.5) 37 (14.2) 9 (3.5) 2 (0.8) 44 (100) 0 0 0 0.01*
Central venous catheter 126 (48.8) 64 (24.8) 63 (24.4) 5 (1.9) 44 (100) 0 0 0 <0.001*
Antithrombotic stockings 65 (25.4) 64 (25) 94 (36.7) 33 (12.9) 43 (97.7) 1 (2.3) 0 0 <0.001*
  1. *, significant group difference ('don't know' choices were not included in statistical comparisons); IV, intravenous.