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Table 1 Known toxins from products commonly found in the critical care environment [24]

From: Greening critical care

Mercury Thermometer Neurotoxin Digital and dot-matrix
  Sphymomanometers   Aneroid, nonlatex
Brominated flame retardants Electronic equipment Neurobehavioural toxicity, thyroid hormone disruption Nonhalogenated retardants
  Patient bedding   
Cadmium Biohazard bags   Heavy-metal free
Cleaning agents   Excess water and cleaning solution use, occupational injury Microfiber mops and cloths
DEHP Blood bags, urinary collection kits, intravenous tubing, dialysis containers, vascular catheters, feeding tubes and enteral feeding pump kits, TPN bags, chest drain catheters Hormone disruption (reproductive toxicant to vulnerable populations; for example, neonates) DEHP-free PVC materials
Glutaraldehyde General disinfectants and sterilants Respiratory irritant, skin irritant Ortho-phthalaldehyde, hydrogen peroxide, enclosed cleaning technologies
Latex Rubber products Allergen Nitrile-rubber, neoprene (contains chlorine)
PVC Mattress covers, fluid bags, tubing, electrocardiography electrodes During manufacture and disposal, hazardous chemicals (for example, mercury, chlorine, dioxins) are released Polyurethane, polyolefin, silicone
  Patient ID bracelets   Nonstretch polyester
  Office supplies (for example, vinyl binders, colour-coated paper-clips)   Pressboard, polypropylene
Lead Lead apron X-ray shielding   Lead and PVC-free aprons
  1. DEHP, di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate; PVC, polyvinylchloride; TPN, total parenteral nutrition. Taken from information provided at