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Table 2 Characteristics of the patients with and without alcohol use disorders (AUD)

From: Relationship between alcohol use disorders, cortisol concentrations, and cytokine levels in patients with sepsis

  AUD Present AUD Absent P
n 13 27  
Age * 47 (37.1; 56.3) 56 (49.8; 63.2) 0.10
Male (n, %) 7 (54%) 11 (41%) 0.44
Race (African American/white) (n, %) 8 (62%)/5 (38%) 16 (59%)/11 (41%) 0.89
APACHE II * 24 (18.3; 29.2) 22 (18.2; 25.8) 0.59
SOFA * 10 (7.1; 12.2) 8 (6.2; 10.0) 0.28
Vasopressor required within first 24 hours (n, %) 8 (62%) 9 (33%) 0.17
Glucose ** 110 (92.5; 128.0) 141 (105.0; 233.0) 0.06
Cirrhosis (n, %) 3 (23%) 2 (7%) 0.18
Hours after admission blood sample collected * 9 (3.5; 13.8) 11 (7.8; 14.9) 0.38
Site of infection (n, %)    0.98
   Lung 7 (54%) 11 (41%)  
   Blood 2 (15%) 6 (22%)  
   Urinary tract 2 (15%) 5 (19%)  
   Gastrointestinal 1 (8%) 2 (7%)  
   Skin/soft tissue 1 (8%) 2 (7%)  
   Gynecologic 0 (0%) 1 (4%)  
Bacteremia (n, %) 5 (38%) 11 (41%) 0.89
Gram positive organisms (n, %)    0.32
   Staphylococcus aureus 1 (8%) 5 (19%)  
   Enterococcus species 0 (0%) 3 (11%)  
   Streptococcus pneumoniae 1 (8%) 1 (4%)  
   Other streptococcus species 1 (8%) 1 (4%)  
   Other staphylococcus species 0 (0%) 1 (4%)  
   Other gram positive organisms 1 (8%) 0 (0%)  
Gram negative organisms (n, %)    0.83
   Klebsiella pneumoniae 2 (15%) 3 (11%)  
   Pseudomonas species 0 (0%) 3 (11%)  
   Eschericia coli 1 (8%) 2 (7%)  
   Enterobacter species 0 (0%) 1 (4%)  
   Other gram negative organisms 0 (0%) 2 (7%)  
Required mechanical ventilation (n, %) 8 (62%) 16 (59%) 0.89
Mechanical ventilation duration *** 4 (0.8; 5.4) 4 (1.1; 6.1) 0.59
ICU mortality 3 (23%) 5 (19%) 0.74
ICU length of stay ** 3 (1.0; 5.6) 5 (2.8; 7.8) 0.33
Hospital mortality 3 (23%) 5 (19%) 0.74
Hospital length of stay ** 8 (4.7; 16.0) 9 (6.2; 12.2) 0.82
  1. * mean, 95% confidence interval.
  2. ** median, interquartile range.
  3. AUD, alcohol use disorders; APACHE II, Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II; SOFA, Sequential Organ Failure Assessment; ICU, Intensive Care Unit.