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Table 2 Characteristics of patients and type of infection at the moment of empiric antibiotics prescription.

From: De-escalation as part of a global strategy of empiric antibiotherapy management. A retrospective study in a medico-surgical intensive care unit

   Group D
n= 60
Group ND
n= 73
P-value
Procalcitonine, mean ± SD, μg/l 7.8 ± 15 8.3 ± 18.5 0.87
Leukocyte count, mean ± SD, mg/l 13.6 ± 7.3 12.4 ± 6.1 0.34
Nosocomial infection, n (%) 54 (90) 62 (85) 0.38
  Sepsis 21 (35) 35 (48)  
Severity of infection, n (%) Severe sepsis 23 (38.3) 24 (32.8) 0.3
  Septic shock. 16 (26.6) 14 (19.2)  
Type of infections, n (%)    
   Ventilator-associated pneumonia 28 (46.6) 34 (46.5) 0.9
   Pneumonia 13 (21.6) 24 (32.8) 0.15
   Urinary tract infection 2 (3.3) 3 (4.1) 0.81
   Catheter-related bacteriemia 1 (1.6) 0 0.28
   Endocarditis 1 (1.6) 0 0.28
   Mediastinitis 5 (8.3) 0 0.01
   Peritonitis 6 (10) 7 (9.6) 0.97
   Meningitis 1 (1.6) 0 0.28
   Otorhinolaryngeal infection 0 1 (1.4) 0.34
   Undetermined infection location 4 (6.6) 4 (5.5) 0.84