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Table 6 Hospital outcomes in the noninvasive (NPPV) and the conventional mechanical ventilation (CMV) groups

From: Early fiberoptic bronchoscopy during non-invasive ventilation in patients with decompensated chronic obstructive pulmonary disease due to community-acquired-pneumonia

  NPPV (n = 15) CMV (n = 15) P
Tracheostomy, n (%) 0 (0) 6 (40.0) 0.008
Hospital mortality, n (%) 3 (20.0) 7 (46.7) 0.121
Complications, n (%) 3 (20.0) 12 (80.0) 0.001
Septic complications, n (%) 3 (20.0) 9 (60.0) 0.025
   Sepsis and septic shock, n (%) 1 (6.7) 5 (33.3) 0.169
   Nosocomial pneumonia, n (%) 2 (13.3) 4 (26.7) 0.651
Non-septic complications, n (%) 0 (0) 3 (20.0) 0.224
   Cardiovascular complications, n (%) 0 (0) 1 (6.7) 1.000
   Acute renal failure, n (%) 0 (0) 1 (6.7) 1.000
   Gastrointestinal bleeding, n (%) 0 (0) 1 (6.7) 1.000
MV length, days median (IQR) 9 (5-12)a 17 (7-27)b 0.270
Length of hospitalisation, days mean (SD) 20 (4)a 27 (21)b 0.423
  1. IQR, interquartile range; MV, mechanical ventilation; SD, standard deviation.
  2. aNPPV patients who avoided endotracheal intubation (n = 12).
  3. b CMV patients who survived to discharge (n = 8).