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Table 3 Overview of recently performed autopsy studies in the ICU setting

From: Clinical review: What is the role for autopsy in the ICU?

Author Period Studied population Type of hospital* Study design Autopsy rate (%) Number of autopsies Major error(%) Class I error (%)
Roosen et al. [18] 1996 Medical Referral, Belgium Retrospective 93 100 36 16
Combes et al. [17] 11/1995 to 10/1998 Mixed Referral, France Prospective 53 167 31.7 10.2
Dimopoulos et al. [41] 1999 Mixed Referral, Belgium Retrospective 45 222 8.5 5.4
Maris et al. [42] 1/2004 to 12/2005 Mixed Referral, Belgium Retrospective 37 289 19 6
Nadrous et al. [33] 1/1998 to 12/2000 Mixed Referral, USA Retrospective 33 455 21 4
Tai et al. [16] 1/1994 to 12/1995 Medical Referral, USA Retrospective 22 91 19.78 8.79
Mort et al. [43] 7/1986 to 7/1992 Surgical Referral, USA Retrospective 29 149 23 9.5
Podbregar et al. [44] 1/1998 to 12/1999 Medical Referral, Slovenia Retrospective 46 126 52.4 12
Twigg et al. [45] 6/1996 to 5/1999 Mixed District, UK Retrospective 40 97 23.71 4.12
Silfvast et al. [37] 1/1996 to 12/2000 Mixed Referral, Finland Retrospective 89 346 5 2.3
Fernandez-Segoviano et al. [46] 5/1983 to 12/1985 Mixed Referral, Spain Prospective 51 100 22 7
Pastores et al. [34] 1/1999 to 9/2005 Oncologic Referral, USA Retrospective 13 86 26 17
Ong et al. [47] 1/1997 to 12/1998 Trauma and burns Referral, USA Retrospective 97 153 18.95 3
Al-Saidi et al. [48] 11/1994 to 6/1999 Bone marrow transplant Referral, Canada Retrospective 47 28 10.7 3.6
Gerain et al. [36] 11/1985 to 10/1986 Oncologic Referral, Belgium Retrospective 69 34 59 Unknown
  1. *Referral: a hospital that is linked to a university, deals with general admissions and with referrals from other hospitals. †Major error: class I or II according to Goldman's criteria of missed diagnoses [3].