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Table 1 Markers of inflammation and large neutral amino acids

From: Cerebral net exchange of large neutral amino acids after lipopolysaccharide infusion in healthy humans

  Baseline LPS
Temperature (°C) 36.3 (36.0-36.6) 38.0 (37.6-38.6)‡‡
Total white blood cells (10 9 /L) 5.0 (4.5-5.5) 9.0 (8.0-10.2)‡‡
Neutrophils (10 9 /L) 2.7 (2.3-3.1) 7.6 (6.6-8.7)‡‡
Lymphocytes (10 9 /L) 1.5 (1.3-1.8) 0.8 (0.6-1.0)‡‡
TNF-α (ng/L) 0.9 (0.5-1.4) 10.4 (8.7-12.4)‡‡
BCAA/AAA ratio 5.2 (4.7-5.7) 4.9 (4.4-5.3)††
Phenylalanine (μmol/L) 36 (32-41) 41 (38-44)††
Tryptophan (μmol/L) 34 (31-38) 28 (25-32)††
Tyrosine (μmol/L) 41 (35-47) 34 (31-39)†
Valine (μmol/L) 224 (201-247) 200 (185-214)††
Leucine (μmol/L) 113 (101-26) 104 (95-112)†
Isoleucine (μmol/L) 59 (53-60) 57 (54-62)
Methionine (μmol/L) 14 (13-15) 9 (8-10)‡‡
Histidine (μmol/L) 74 (70-78) 58 (52-63)‡‡
Threonine (μmol/L) 102 (95-109) 74 (66-82)‡‡
Glutamine (μmol/L) 613 (556-669) 449 (411-486)‡‡
  1. AAA = aromatic amino acid; BCAA = branched-chain amino acid, LPS = lipopolysaccharide; TNF-α: tumor necrosis factor α. Different from baseline: †P < 0.05; ††P < 0.01; ‡‡P < 0.0001.