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Table 6 Frequency of complications during treatment with ECMO

From: A new miniaturized system for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in adult respiratory failure

Complications All Patients Survivors Non-Survivors
Thrombosis of Oxygenator 10 4 6
Failure of Pump Head 1 1 0
Cannulation Site Bleeding 2 2 0
Surgical Site Bleeding 11 4 7
Pulmonary Hemorrhage 3 1 2
Diffuse Bleeding 5 1 4
Femoral Vein Thrombosis 5 3 2
Transfusion Requirements    
RBC/Day on ECMO 0.8 (0.4 to 1.8) 0.6 (0.3 to 1.8) 1.0 (0.7 to 2.1) *
FFP/Day on ECMO 0.5 (0.0 to 2.6) 0.0 (0.0 to 1.5) 1.1 (0.1 to 3.1)*
PC/Day on ECMO 0.0 (0.0 to 0.7) 0.0 (0.0 to 0.6) 0.1 (0.0 to 0.9)
  1. Data are presented as numbers or median (interquartile range). * P < 0.05.
  2. (RBC = red blood cell concentrate, ECMO = extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, FFP = fresh frozen plasma, PC = platelet concentrate)