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Table 3 Hemodynamic data on patients at the beginning (t0), after 2 hours (t1), after 24 hours (t2)and after 72 hours (t3) in both groups of patients

From: Intensive insulin treatment improves forearm blood flow in critically ill patients: a randomized parallel design clinical trial

Time Variable Group 1 Group 2 P value
t0 Heart rate (beat/min) 109.0 ± 20.5 95.8 ± 20.7 0.16
  Mean arterial pressure (mmHg) 87.9 ± 16.1 90.2 ± 12.0 0.66
  Central venous pressure (mmHg) 16.6 ± 3.7 15.8 ± 4.2 0.58
  Cardiac index (l/min/m2) 4.4 ± 1.4 3.9 ± 1.7 0.55
  Lactate (mmol/l) 2.6 ± 1.8 1.8 ± 0.7 0.17
t1 Heart rate (beat/min) 107.0 ± 20.6 93.3 ± 20.4 0.15
  Mean arterial pressure (mmHg) 92.0 ± 19.6 88.7 ± 14.2 0.69
  Central venous pressure (mmHg) 17.0 ± 4.6 16.2 ± 3.5 0.68
  Cardiac index (l/min/m2) 4.3 ± 1.6 3.7 ± 0.5 0.39
t2 Heart rate (beat/min) 98.5 ± 17.5 93.3 ± 15.7 0.41
  Mean arterial pressure (mmHg) 85.4 ± 15.9 91.5 ± 12.2 0.25
  Central venous pressure (mmHg) 16.9 ± 4.0 14.6 ± 5.4 0.20
  Cardiac index (l/min/m2) 4.4 ± 1.3 3.9 ± 1.5 0.46
  Lactate (mmol/l) 1.8 ± 1.1 1.2 ± 0.5 0.09
t3 Heart rate (beat/min) 97.1 ± 18.2 96.7 ± 19.5 0.95
  Mean arterial pressure (mmHg) 95.1 19.5 95.0 ± 19.6 0.99
  Central venous pressure (mmHg) 13.3 ± 5.3 12.1 ± 4.5 0.49
  Cardiac index (l/min/m2) 4.6 ± 1.4 3.9 ± 1.0 0.25
  Lactate (mmol/l) 1.6 ± 1.1 1.0 ± 0.4 0.19
  1. Group 1 received intensive treatment and Group 2 received conventional treatment. Vales are expressed as mean ± standard deviation.