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Table 1 Demographics of study participants

From: Glucose absorption and gastric emptying in critical illness

  ICU patients (n = 19) Healthy subjects (n = 19)
Age (years) (median range) 63 (28 to 79)* 24 (21 to 51)
Gender (M:F) 14:5 7:12
BMI (kg/m 2 ) 26 (20 to 38) 24.4 (20 to 34.5)
APACHE II score (study day) 16 (12 to 26) N/A
Diagnostic groups (n) Trauma (5)
ICH (3)
Sepsis (4)
Respiratory failure (3)
Vascular (2)
Post-op ENT (1)
Burns (1)
N/A
Hospital survival (%) 80 N/A
Continuous renal replacement therapy (n) 3 N/A
Insulin therapy (n) 3 N/A
Baseline blood glucose level
(mMol/L). Mean (SD)
8.0 ± 2.1 * 5.6 ± 0.23
Prokinetics prior to study (n) 9 N/A
Catecholamines (n) 2 N/A
Propofol (n) 3 N/A
  1. * P < 0.001 when patients compared with healthy subjects.
  2. APACHE = acute physiology and chronic health evaluation; BMI = body mass index; ENT = ear nose and throat; F = female; ICH = intracranial haemorrhage; ICU = intensive care unit; M = male; Post-op = postoperative; SD = standard deviation.