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Table 2 Baseline characteristics at the time of ECLS implantation*

From: Extracorporeal life support in severe drug intoxication: a retrospective cohort study of seventeen cases

ECM (min) GCS HR AP (mmHg) Vasopressor ECG LVEF Lactate (mmol/L) Bicarbonate (mmol/L)
1 § 160 3 0 0 Epinephrine Asystole Akinesia - 21.1
2 §¶ 150 3 0 0 Epinephrine Asystole - > 30 17.8
3 §¶ 170 3 0 0 Epinephrine Isoproterenol Asystole Akinesia 10.8 19
4 60 3 40 60/40 Epinephrine Bradycardia (QRS 183 ms) Hypokinesia (LEVF 15%) 5.85 29.6
5 70 3 0 0 Epinephrine Asystole - 7.3 26.3
6 50 3 0 0 - Asystole Akinesia - -
7 60 3 30 50/33 Epinephrine Dobutamine Bradycardia (QRS 214 ms) Akinesia - 17.5
8 No 3 60 50/30 Epinephrine Isoproterenol Sinusal - 10.5 17.7
9 No 3 40 85/54 Epinephrine Isoproterenol Dobutamine Bradycardia (QRS 175 ms) Hypokinesia 9.65 19.6
10 No 3 68 71/52 Epinephrine Dobutamine Sinusal Hypokinesia (LVEF 20%) 0.57 17.2
11 No 3   60/48 Epinephrine Dobutamine Sinusal Hypokinesia (LVEF 20%) - -
12 No 8 30 70/40 Norepinephrine Isoproterenol Dopamine Atrio-ventricular block Hypokinesia (LVEF 25%) 4.6 17.9
13** No 3 55 75/50 Epinephrine Sinusal Hypokinesia (LVEF 30%) 5.9 11.7
14 §¶ No 3 140 85/58 Epinephrine Ventricular tachycardia Hypokinesia (LVEF 20%) 8,8 20.2
15** No 3 85 82/56 Epinephrine Norepinephrine Right bundle-branch block Hypokinesia (LVEF 25%) 1.7 18
16 No 15 60 70/60 Epinephrine Bradycardia (QRS 203 ms) Hypokinesia (LVEF 10%) 3.7 22.4
17 No 15 36 60/40 Epinephrine Dobutamine Sinusal Hypokinesia (LVEF 10%) 3.7 19.9
  1. * For patients with cardiac arrest, we provided data recorded just before cardiac arrest if available
  2. ** ECLS performed after restoration of spontaneous circulation following a brief period of asystole
  3. § Patients with temporary external transthoracic electrostimulation before initiation of ECLS
  4. Patients requiring continuous venovenous hemofiltration or conventional dialysis before or immediately following ECLS implantation
  5. AP: arterial pressure; ECG: echocardiogram; ECM: manual external cardiac massage; ECLS: extra corporeal life support; HR: heart rate; GCS: Glasgow coma score; LVEF: left ventricular ejection fraction; QRS: duration of the complex representing ventricular depolarization on electrocardiogram.