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Table 2 Causes for ALI/ARDS and ACLE

From: Comparison of two non-bronchoscopic methods for evaluating inflammation in patients with acute hypoxaemic respiratory failure

Definition N
➢ Primary (direct pulmonary) ALI/ARDS 14
   • Pneumonia/aspiration 11
   • Carmustine-induced lung injury 1
   • Methotrexate-induced lung injury 1
   • COP 1
➢ Secondary (indirect pulmonary) ALI/ARDS 7
   • Sepsis 6
   • Necrotising pancreatitis 1
➢ ACLE 9
   • Acute exacerbation of CHF 2
   • Acute coronary syndrome  
- AMI 5
- Unstable angina 1
   • Acute exacerbation of LV diastolic dysfunction 1
  1. ACLE = acute cardiogenic lung edema; ALI = acute lung injury; AMI = acute myocardial infarction; ARDS = acute respiratory distress syndrome; CHF = congestive heart failure; COP = cryptogenic organising pneumonia; LV = left ventricular.