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Table 4 Comparing hemodynamic characteristics between patients with sepsis and acute heart failure

From: Transpulmonary thermodilution-derived cardiac function index identifies cardiac dysfunction in acute heart failure and septic patients: an observational study

  Sepsis
n = 36
Acute heart failure
n = 48
P value
PAC    
   CI, L/minute per m2 4.2 (3.6–5.5) 2.6 (2.2–3.0) < 0.001
   CP, W 1.14 (0.99–1.63) 0.80 (0.62–0.94) < 0.001
   LVSWI, g-m/m2 38 (30–49) 23 (18–29)a < 0.001
   RAP, mm Hg 13 (9–15) 12 (8–14) 0.26
   PAOP, mm Hg 16 (15–18) 20 (15–24)a 0.008
   MPAP, mm Hg 29 (26–32) 32 (26–37) 0.02
   SmvO2, percentage 68 (62–74) 57 (50–62)b < 0.001
PiCCO    
   CI, L/minute per m2 4.6 (3.7–5.6) 2.7 (2.2–3.3) < 0.001
   CFI, 1/minute 6.1 (3.5–6.8) 2.8 (2.3–3.1) < 0.001
   GEF, percentage 23 (17–30) 14 (10–16) < 0.001
   GEDVI, mL/m2 907 (748–1133) 995 (849–1172) 0.16
   ELWI, mL/kg 18.0 (14.3–23.1) 14.7 (13.1–18.5) 0.09
   PVPI 2.8 (2.3–3.5) 2.4 (1.7–2.9) 0.01
   ELWI/GEDVI, × 102 2.0 (1.7–2.4) 1.6 (1.3–2.2) 0.01
  1. Data represent the median (interquartile range) of the four consecutive measurements obtained during the observation period. Reduced numbers because of missing values are indicated with superscript a (a), where n = 40, and superscript b (b), where n = 44. CFI: cardiac function index; CI: cardiac index; CP: cardiac power; ELWI: extravascular lung water index; GEDVI: global end-diastolic volume index; GEF: global ejection fraction; LVSWI: left ventricular stroke work index; MPAP: mean pulmonary arterial pressure; PAC: pulmonary artery catheter; PAOP: pulmonary artery occlusion pressure; PiCCO: transpulmonary thermodilution technique; PVPI: pulmonary vascular permeability index; RAP: right atrial pressure; SmvO2: mixed venous oxygen saturation.