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Table 3 Risk factors for the development of septic shock in generalized peritonitis

From: Factors associated with septic shock and mortality in generalized peritonitis: comparison between community-acquired and postoperative peritonitis

  GP with SS
n = 74 (41%)
GP without SS
n = 106 (59%)
P
Gender female/male 30/44 53/53 ns
Age (years) 67 ± 15 58 ± 19 0.0004
SAPS II 51 ± 16 27 ± 13 0.0001
Cancer 27 (36%) 18 (16%) 0.003
Cirrhosis 4 (0.05%) 2 (0.02%) ns
Postoperative/community-acquired 42/32 70/36 ns
Upper/under mesocolic 22/52 40/66 ns
Biliary origin 6 (8%) 8 (7%) ns
Bacteremia 19 (26%) 6 (6%) 0.0001
Monomicrobial or sterile/Polymicrobial 1 peritoneal culture 23/51 68/38 0.0001
Culture of peritoneal fluid number of patients (%):    
   Anaerobes 24 (32%) 10 (9%) 0.0001
   Escherichia coli 26 (35%) 38 (35%) ns
   Enterococcus species 14 (19%) 13 (12%) ns
   Yeasts 12 (16%) 11 (10%) ns
  1. 1 Polymicrobial if ≥ 2 germs in peritoneal fluid culture. Univariate analysis (Log rank test).
  2. GP = generalized peritonitis; ns = not significant; SS = septic shock.