Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 2 Causes of acute right ventricular failure

From: Bench-to-bedside review: Inhaled nitric oxide therapy in adults

Acute rise in pulmonary vascular resistance, such as due to acute pulmonary embolism or rapidly progressive pulmonary parenchymal/vascular disease
Acute right ventricular ischaemia, often due to diminished right coronary perfusion consequent upon inadequate systolic and diastolic pressures in shocked states
Acute high left atrial pressures, perhaps due to acute left ventricular failure of any cause
Decompensation of chronic pulmonary arterial hypertension
Decompensation of congenital heart defects with pulmonary arterial hypertension or left-to-right intracardiac shunts
After surgery necessitating cardiopulmonary bypass per se
Hypoxaemia causing hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction