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Table 1 Demographic characteristics of patients

From: Characteristics and outcomes of cancer patients in European ICUs

  No cancer
(n = 2674)
Solid tumours
(n = 404)
Haematological cancers
(n = 69)
Age, years 59.6 ± 17.9 66.4 ± 12.1$ 62.1 ± 15.9
Male a 1619 (61.2%) 265 (66.6%)* 36 (52.9%)
Type of admission    
   Medical 1581 (59.1%) 123 (30.4%)$ 55 (79.7%)*
   Surgical 1093 (40.9%) 281 (69.6%)$ 14 (20.3%)*
   Neurosurgery 131 (11.9%) 20 (7.1%)* 1 (7.1%)
   Digestive surgery 284 (26.0%) 174 (61.9%)$ 7 (50%)
   Thoracic surgery 28 (2.5%) 24 (8.5%)$ 2 (14.2%)
   Cardiovascular surgery 453 (41.4%) 13 (4.6%)$ 3 (21.4%)
   Renal/urological surgery 25 (2.3%) 22 (7.8%)$ 0
   Other surgery 136 (12.4%) 23 (8.2%)* 1 (7.1%)
Admission source    
   Hospital floor 639 (26.4%) 118 (33.1%)* 36 (61.0%)$
   ER/ambulance 849 (35.1%) 56 (15.7%)$ 8 (13.6%)$
   Recovery room 623 (25.7%) 152 (42.7%)$ 9 (15.3%)
   Other hospital 309 (12.8%) 30 (8.4%)* 6 (10.2%)
Reason for admission    
   Surveillance 192 (7.6%) 54 (14.8%)$ 1 (1.4%)
   Digestive/liver 236 (9.3%) 88 (24.1%)$ 9 (13.0%)
   Respiratory 432 (17.0%) 96 (26.3%)$ 32 (46.4%)$
   Cardiovascular 874 (34.5%) 56 (15.3%)$ 19 (27.5%)
   Haematological 24 (0.9%) 3 (0.8%) 0
   Neurological 446 (17.6%) 36 (9.9%)$ 3 (4.3%)*
   Renal 81 (3.2%) 19 (5.2%) 4 (5.8%)
   Metabolic 60 (2.4%) 10 (2.7%) 1 (1.4%)
   Trauma 179 (7.1%) 2 (0.5%)$ 0*
Comorbidities and therapies on admission
   COPD 292 (10.9%) 42 (10.4%) 6 (8.7%)
   Diabetes 200 (7.5%) 24 (5.9%) 2 (2.9%)
   Liver cirrhosis 103 (3.9%) 18 (4.5%) 0
   AIDS 12 (0.4%) 3 (0.7%) 3 (4.3%)*
   Heart failure 276 (10.3%) 22 (5.4%)* 9 (13%)
   Corticosteroids 123 (4.6%) 28 (6.9%)* 14 (20.3%)$
   Chemotherapy 8 (0.3%) 10 (2.5%)$ 7 (10.1%)$
SAPS II 36.0 ± 16.8 36.8 ± 17.6 53.5 ± 18.5$
Incidence of sepsis    
   Sepsis 960 (35.9%) 168 (41.5%)$ 49 (71%)$
   Severe sepsis 780 (29.1%) 110 (27.2%) 40 (57.9%)$
   Septic shock 380 (14.3%) 57 (14.1%) 23 (33.3%)$
   Sepsis on admission 634 (23.7%) 107 (26.5%) 36 (52.2%)$
   ICU-acquired sepsis 228 (8.5%) 43 (10.6%) 8 (11.6%)
   Severe sepsis on admission 462 (17.3%) 64 (15.8%) 26 (37.7%)$
   Septic shock on admission 197 (7.4%) 31 (7.7%) 15 (21.7%)$
Admission SOFA 5.2 ± 3.8 4.6 ± 3.6 7.0 ± 4.6*
ICU stay, days 3.0 (1.7 to 7.0) 3.0 (1.8 to 6.4) 3.8 (1.7 to 8.6)
Hospital stay, days 14.0 (7.0 to 31.0) 20.0 (12.0 to 33.0)* 22.5 (10.0 to 38.0)*
  1. COPD = chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; ER = emergency room; ICU = intensive care unit; SAPS = simplified acute physiology score; SOFA = sequential organ failure assessment. Data are presented as mean ± standard deviation, number (percentage), or median (interquartile range).
  2. * p < 0.05 versus no-cancer group; $ p < 0.001 versus no-cancer group; a 35 missing values