Skip to main content

Table 1 Baseline characteristics

From: The prognostic value of blood lactate levels relative to that of vital signs in the pre-hospital setting: a pilot study

  Total:
n = 124
Non-survivors:
n = 32
Survivors:
n = 92
Age (years, ± SD) 62 ± 19 68 ± 14 * 59 ± 20 *
Sex (n, % male) 73 (59%) 22 (69%) 51 (55%)
Intensive care unit admission (n, %) 57 (46%) 15 (47%) 42 (46%)
Length of stay in hospital (days, ± SD) 13 ± 21 3 ± 6 * 17 ± 23 *
Time arrival ambulance to ED (minutes, ± SD) 27 ± 9 29 ± 10 26 ± 10
Ambulance diagnosis (n, %):    
   - cardiac arrest 12 (10%) 8 (25%) * 4 (4%) *
   - myocardial infarction 17 (14%) 2 (6%) 15 (16%)
   - other cardiological disorders 8 (6%) 1 (3%) 7 (8%)
   - sepsis 8 (6%) 4 (13%) 4 (4%)
   - haemorrhage 10 (8%) 3 (9%) 7 (8%)
   - neurological disorder 19 (15%) 9 (28%) * 10 (11%) *
   - trauma without severe traumatic brain injury 18 (15%) 2 (6%) 16 (17%)
   - trauma with severe traumatic brain injury 2 (2%) 1 (3%) 1 (1%)
   - attempted suicide 4 (3%) 0 (0%) 4 (4%)
   - others 26 (21%) 2 (6%) * 24 (26%) *
  1. Continuous data are presented as mean ± standard deviation (SD). Binary data are presented as n (percentage of total, non-survivors or survivors). * p < 0.05. ED = emergency department.