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Table 4 Patient outcomes

From: A prospective trial of elective extubation in brain injured patients meeting extubation criteria for ventilatory support: a feasibility study

Measurement Early Extubation Delayed extubation P-value
Glasgow Coma Score at extubation    
   Mean (SD) 7.2 (1.0) 8.8 (2.5) 0.16
   Range 6 to 9 6 to 13  
Airway Care Score at extubation    
   Mean (SD) 5.4 (0.7) 5.2 (1.2) 0.62
   Range 4 to 6 3 to 6  
Re-intubation rate    
   Number (%) 1 (12.5) 0 (0.0) 1.00
   95% confidence interval 1% to 47% 0% to 32%  
Nosocomial pneumonia    
   Number (%) 0 (0.0) 3 (37.5) 0.06
   95% confidence interval 0% to 32% 14% to 69%  
Stay in ICU, days    0.34
   Mean (SD) 9.4 (5.8) 12.8 (7.8)  
   Range 2 to 21 4 to 29  
Stay in hospital, days    0.57
   Mean (SD) 21.8 (12.1) 25.2 (12.1)  
   Range 7 to 47 12 to 44  
Number (%) with a good outcome (Modified Rankin Score less than 4) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 1.00
Modified Rankin Score    
   Mean (SD) 4.75 (0.46) 4.50 (0.53) 0.33
   Range 4 to 5 4 to 5  
Functional Independence Measure score    0.47
   Mean (SD) 17.4 (7.0) 23.0 (20.0)  
   Range 7 to 26 7 to 70  
Discharge location, number (%)    1.00
   Death, withdrawal of care 1 (12.5) 2 (25.0)  
   Skilled nursing facility 4 (50.0) 3 (37.5)  
   Rehabilitation facility 2 (25.0) 3 (37.5)  
   Home 1 (12.5) 0 (0.0)  
  1. SD = standard deviation.