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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of patient population

From: Pentobarbital versus thiopental in the treatment of refractory intracranial hypertension in patients with traumatic brain injury: a randomized controlled trial

Characteristic Thiopental (n = 22) Pentobarbital (n = 22) P
Sex (male; n) 19 19 1
Age (years) 26 (20 to 41) 32 (22 to 43) 0.45
ISS 25 (24 to 34) 25 (25 to 38) 0.77
SAPS II 42 (28 to 54) 43 (38 to 46) 0.95
APACHE II 23 (15 to 25) 20 (18 to 26) 0.27
APACHE III 60 (38 to 73) 52 (32 to 76) 0.41
Associated lesion (n)    
   Thoracic injury 7 2 0.13
   Abdominal injury 4 1 0.34
   Extremities injury 9 5 0.20
Admission CT (n)    
   Diffuse injury without brain swelling 12 4 0.046
   Diffuse bilateral brain swelling 6 12  
   Diffuse unilateral brain swelling with midline shift 1 0  
   Any mass lesion > 25 ml 3 6  
  1. Age, ISS, SAPS II, APACHE II and APACHE III are expressed as median and interquartile range. APACHE, Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation; admission CT, admission computed tomography (according to the Traumatic Coma Data Bank); ISS, Injury Severity Score; SAPS, Simplified Acute Physiology.