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Table 3 Specific severity indices in the trauma patients on enrollment, according to presence of brain injury

From: Influence of early antioxidant supplements on clinical evolution and organ function in critically ill cardiac surgery, major trauma, and subarachnoid hemorrhage patients

Trauma (n = 66) AOX Placebo P value
Number 34 32  
Injury Severity Score, all 30.1 ± 9.8 28.3 ± 10.4 NS
   Brain injury (n = 39; 20/19) 31.0 ± 11.0 28.7 ± 11.9 NS
   No brain injury (n = 27; 14/13) 28.9 ± 7.9 27.6 ± 8.1 NS
Injury Severity Score brain, in brain-injured 14.5 ± 4.9 10.8 ± 4.5 0. 019
Glasgow Coma Scale score initial, all 10.4 ± 4.9 11.8 ± 4.3 0.16
   Brain injury 7.4 ± 4.3 9.7 ± 4.8 0.11
   No brain injury 14.6 ± 0.6 14.8 ± 0.8 NS
SAPS II 39.9 ± 17.0 31.1 ± 12.2 0.04
SOFA score, neuro section 1.62 ± 1.7 0.97 ± 1.2 0.085
   Brain injury 2.5 ± 1.6 1.38 ± 1.2 0.012
   No brain injury 0.2 ± 0.4 0.2 ± 0.6 NS
  1. Data are presented as mean ± standard deviation. P values refer to comparison between the antioxidant (AOX) and placebo groups. NS, not significant; SAPS, Simplified Acute Physiology Score; SOFA, sequential organ failure assessment.