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Table 3 Mean daily fluid balance among 60-day survivors and non-survivors with acute renal failure (ARF), stratified by time of onset

From: A positive fluid balance is associated with a worse outcome in patients with acute renal failure

Mean fluid balance, L/24 hours Survivors Non-survivors P value
ARF 0.15 ± 1.06 0.98 ± 1.50 <0.001
Early ARF (occurring within 2 days of ICU admission) 0.14 ± 1.05 1.19 ± 1.48 <0.001
Late ARF (occurring more than 2 days after ICU admission) 0.11 ± 1.03 0.39 ± 1.40 0.06
  1. ICU, intensive care unit.