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Table 1 Comparison of SPRINT and retrospective cohort baseline variables

From: Implementation and evaluation of the SPRINT protocol for tight glycaemic control in critically ill patients: a clinical practice change

  Overall
  Retrospective SPRINT P value
Total patients 413   371   
Age, years 64 (53–74)   65 (49–74)   0.53
Percentage of males 59.1%   63.6%   0.19
APACHE II score 18 (15–23)   18 (15–24)   0.50
APACHE II risk of death 28.5% (14.2%-49.7%)   25.7% (13.1%-49.4%)   0.39
Diabetic history 71 (17.2%)   62 (16.7%)   0.86
APACHE III diagnosis      
Operative Number of patients Percentage Number of patients Percentage P value
   Cardiovascular 99 24% 76 20% 0.24
   Respiratory 10 2% 9 2% 1.00
   Gastrointestinal 53 13% 60 16% 0.18
   Neurological 9 2% 7 2% 0.77
   Trauma 8 2% 14 4% 0.12
   Other (renal, metabolic, orthopaedic) 4 1% 4 1% 0.88
Non-operative Number of patients Percentage Number of patients Percentage P value
   Cardiovascular 41 10% 39 11% 0.79
   Respiratory 77 19% 66 18% 0.76
   Gastrointestinal 7 2% 10 3% 0.34
   Neurological 33 8% 20 5% 0.15
   Trauma 29 7% 32 9% 0.40
   Sepsis 29 7% 17 5% 0.15
   Other (renal, metabolic, orthopaedic) 14 3% 17 5% 0.39
  1. Data are expressed as median (interquartile range) where appropriate. P values computed using chi-square and Mann-Whitney U tests where appropriate. APACHE, Acute Physiology And Chronic Health Evaluation; SPRINT, Specialised Relative Insulin Nutrition Tables.