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Table 1 Patient demographics

From: An intensivist-led tracheostomy review team is associated with shorter decannulation time and length of stay: a prospective cohort study

  All 2003 2004 2005 2006
ICU admissions 4,561 1,169 1,146 1,128 1,119
ICU tracheostomy 415 70 83 128 134
Discharged with tracheostomy 280 41 60 95 84
Age in years, mean (SD) 61.8 (13.2) 58.7 (13.6) 62.2 (13.1) 62.6 (13.7) 62.1 (12.4)
Male 176 (63) 26 (63) 42 (70) 59 (62) 49 (58)
APACHE II score, mean (SD) 20.4 (6.4) 21.7 (7.1) 20.3 (6.1) 20.3 (6.0) 20.1 (6.5)
Admitting unit      
   Neurosurgery 65 (23) 12 (29) 15 (25) 21 (22) 17 (20)
   Cardiothoracic 71 (25) 1 (2) 15 (25) 21 (22) 34 (41)
   Surgery 38 (14) 4 (10) 11 (18) 16 (17) 7 (8)
   Medical 106 (40) 24 (58) 19 (32) 37 (39) 26 (31)
Indication      
   Prolonged ventilation 138 (58) - 34 (57) 52 (55) 52 (62)
   Coma 51 (21) - 13 (22) 19 (19) 19 (23)
   Failed extubation 29 (12) - 5 (8) 18 (19) 6 (7)
   Other 21 (9) - 8 (13) 6 (6) 7 (8)
Method      
   Surgical 43 (15) 10 (24) 14 (23) 11 (12) 8 (10)
   Percutaneous 237 (85) 31 (76) 46 (77) 84 (88) 76 (90)
Discharge destination      
   Home 50 (18) 4 (10) 8 (13) 17 (18) 21 (25)
   Other hospital 111 (40) 20 (49) 25 (42) 40 (42) 26 (31)
   Rehabilitation unit 70 (25) 9 (22) 15 (25) 19 (20) 27 (32)
   Died 43 (15) 8 (20) 12 (20) 14 (15) 9 (11)
   Aged care 6 (2) 0 0 5 (5) 1 (1)
  1. Data are presented as number (percentage) or mean (standard deviation). Hyphen indicates data not available. APACHE, Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation; ICU, intensive care unit; SD, standard deviation.