Skip to main content

Table 3 Multivariate analysis of cause-specific hazard ratios for mortality on intensive care units (model 2)

From: Risk factors for the development of nosocomial pneumonia and mortality on intensive care units: application of competing risks models

  Possible endpoints (competing risks)
Risk factor Death in the ICU    Discharge from ICU   
  CSHR 95% CI p Value CSHR 95% CI p Value
Baseline
Age (continuous variable) 1.02 1.01 to 1.03 < 0.01 1.00 1.00 to 1.01 0.01
Female gender 0.83 0.63 to 1.11 0.21 0.92 0.83 to 1.03 0.14
SAPS II (continuous variable) 1.02 1.01 to 1.03 < 0.01 0.98 0.98 to 0.98 < 0.01
Intubation on admission 0.83 0.69 to 1.00 0.06 1.14 1.04 to 1.24 < 0.01
Pneumonia on admission 0.72 0.47 to 1.10 0.13 0.61 0.51 to 0.72 < 0.01
LRT on admission 0.53 0.13 to 2.11 0.37 0.70 0.32 to 1.54 0.37
Urinary tract infection on admission 0.97 0.49 to 1.92 0.92 0.77 0.51 to 1.16 0.22
Other infections on admission 1.44 0.97 to 2.15 0.07 0.60 0.47 to 0.76 < 0.01
Hospitalization before admission 1.08 0.74 to 1.57 0.69 0.89 0.79 to 1.01 0.06
Surgical patients 0.56 0.34 to 0.93 0.03 1.02 0.86 to 1.20 0.83
Elective surgery before admission 0.43 0.31 to 0.58 < 0.01 0.56 0.50 to 0.63 < 0.01
Emergency surgery before admission 0.98 0.67 to 1.43 0.91 1.11 0.97 to 1.27 0.14
Cardial/pulmonary underlying disease 0.81 0.56 to 1.17 0.26 0.89 0.77 to 1.03 0.11
Neurological underlying disease 0.87 0.55 to 1.39 0.57 1.01 0.87 to 1.18 0.89
Metabolic/renal underlying disease 1.22 0.81 to 1.82 0.34 0.79 0.63 to 0.99 0.04
Other underlying disease 1.66 1.12 to 2.44 0.01 0.96 0.77 to 1.19 0.70
Time-dependent
Ventilation 1.78 0.99 to 3.20 0.05 0.45 0.38 to 0.53 < 0.01
Chest drainage 0.99 0.70 to 1.41 0.97 0.71 0.62 to 0.82 < 0.01
Colostomy 0.96 0.26 to 3.61 0.95 0.59 0.23 to 1.53 0.28
Enterostomy 0.77 0.15 to 4.02 0.76 2.06 0.74 to 5.74 0.16
Jejunostomy 1.53 0.37 to 6.23 0.56 0.28 0.11 to 0.69 0.01
Nasogastric tube 0.82 0.45 to 1.50 0.52 0.89 0.76 to 1.04 0.14
Urinary catheter 0.74 0.43 to 1.27 0.27 0.78 0.66 to 0.94 0.01
Nosocomial pneumonia 0.87 0.56 to 1.36 0.55 0.59 0.49 to 0.71 < 0.01
Nosocomial blood stream infection 0.77 0.31 to 1.90 0.57 0.90 0.65 to 1.23 0.50
Nosocomial LRT 1.24 0.66 to 2.30 0.50 0.56 0.56 to 0.80 < 0.01
  1. CSHR, cause-specific hazard ratio; LRT, lower respiratory tract infection (other than pneumonia); SAPS, simplified acute physiology score.