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Table 1 Penalty evaluation strategy showing threshold values and penalty values for the evaluation of blood glucose (BG) control in the intensive care unit (ICU)

From: Glycemic penalty index for adequately assessing and comparing different blood glucose control algorithms

Range no. Glycemic range (mg/dl) Clinical description Penalty (ρ) Reference
1 BG < 40 Hypoglycemic alarm 3 [35]
2 40 ≤ BG < 60 Hypoglycemia 2 [35]
3 60 ≤ BG < 80 Slight hypoglycemia 1 [35]
4 80 ≤ BG ≤ 110 Normoglycemia 0 [8, 9]
5 110 <BG ≤ 150 Slight hyperglycemia 1 [30]
6 150 <BG ≤ 200 Hyperglycemia 2 [30]
7 200 <BG Hyperglycemic alarm 3 [8]