Skip to main content

Table 5 Mean treatment costs by treatment characteristics

From: Outcomes and costs of blunt trauma in England and Wales

Mean total cost (£) Injury Severity Score
  0–9 10–16 17–25 26–75 All
By mode of arrival
   Ambulance 6,521 9,044 13,774 19,824 9,575
   Helicopter 8,939 11,465 18,006 26,608 16,692
   Car 4,266 4,580 6,392 5,602 4,346
By time from emergency call to arrival at the A&E departmenta
   0 to 1 hours 6,267 8,635 13,243 17,507 8,651
   1 to 2 hours 6,680 8,899 14,482 19,982 9,405
   2 to 3 hours 8,618 12,693 10,931 29,073 13,083
   3 to 4 hours 12,680 16,074 18,024 26,440 19,286
   4+ hours 12,087 14,780 16,875 23,601 17,537
By time in the A&E department
   0 to 1 hours 7,917 11,566 16,465 21,805 14,254
   1 to 2 hours 6,512 10,686 18,447 23,575 11,122
   2 to 3 hours 6,246 8,833 15,109 22,215 8,984
   3 to 4 hours 5,730 7,834 14,139 20,648 8,097
   4+ hours 5,898 7,896 12,198 19,172 8,038
By grade of most senior doctor seen in the A&E department
   Consultant 7,283 10,290 15,562 22,261 12,974
   Middle grade 6,508 9,350 14,185 20,983 10,524
   Senior house officer 5,755 7,227 11,453 16,135 6,585
By specialty of doctors seen in the A&E department
   Emergency medicine 5,906 8,009 13,138 19,844 8,144
   Orthopaedics 6,195 9,154 14,805 23,605 8,912
   Anaesthesia 10,091 13,162 18,272 23,820 17,697
   Neurosurgery 7,858 10,396 14,361 20,906 14,336
   General surgery 8,033 10,346 15,939 23,880 14,877
By surgeryb
   Bone fixationc      
No 6,076 9,032 13,577 19,986 10,469
Yes 6,290 8,909 16,793 26,135 8,323
   Wound debridement      
No 5,998 8,761 14,045 20,726 9,308
Yes 9,149 11,302 16,683 27,938 12,592
   Intracranial proceduresd      
No 6,169 8,418 13,311 20,678 8,877
Yes 22,430 21,006 19,535 23,157 21,495
By length of stay in critical care
   0 days 5,436 5,628 5,711 5,177 5,480
   1 to 5 days 9,514 9,962 10,357 9,866 9,936
   6 to 10 days 18,914 20,906 20,086 21,624 20,716
   11+ days 42,767 41,730 41,827 45,135 43,589
By total length of staye
   0 to 5 days 3,270 3,142 3,611 3,958 3,350
   6 to 10 days 4,544 5,116 6,538 9,074 5,116
   11 to 20 days 6,658 8,346 10,858 15,136 8,420
   21 to 30 days 10,358 13,472 18,700 21,797 14,344
   31 to 40 days 13,830 17,890 23,734 30,116 20,142
   41 to 50 days 15,949 22,869 29,074 36,596 25,175
   51+ days 26,791 34,697 41,630 49,338 39,025
  1. A&E, accident and emergency. aAmong those arriving by ambulance. bBased on the 10 most common procedures. cIncluding open reduction and internal fixation, nail insertion, manipulation of bone, screw insertion, external fixation and K-wire insertion. dIncluding evacuation of extradural haematoma/subdural haematoma, intracranial pressure monitor and craniotomy. eIncluding length of stay in critical care; figures pertain both to those who were admitted to critical care and those who were not.