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Table 2 Patient and injury characteristics

From: Outcomes and costs of blunt trauma in England and Wales

  Injury Severity Score
  0–9 10–16 17–25 26–75 All
Total number of patients 21,280 6,075 4,375 3,834 35,564
Gender (%)      
   Male 55.5 69.7 75.2 76.9 62.6
   Female 44.6 30.3 24.9 23.1 37.4
Age (years)      
   Median (interquartile range) 49 (33 to 66) 43 (29 to 60) 42 (29 to 58) 39 (27 to 56) 46 (31 to 63)
Cause of injury (%)      
   Road traffic collisions 20.0 47.1 46.8 62.8 32.5
   Fall more than 2 metres 10.7 14.9 19.6 18.3 13.3
   Fall less than 2 metres 51.6 20.5 14.1 7.2 36.9
   Blow(s) 4.6 9.7 9.9 4.8 6.1
   Other 13.2 7.7 9.7 6.9 11.2
Glasgow Coma Score      
Median (interquartile range) 15 (15 to 15) 15 (15 to 15) 15 (10 to 15) 10 (4 to 15) 15 (15 to 15)
   n 19,026 5,651 3,790 3,290 31,757
Serious injuries by body region (%)a      
   Head 1.7 24.0 55.2 72.1 19.7
   Face 0.2 1.2 2.9 6.3 1.3
   Thorax 1.8 12.5 28.1 54.7 12.6
   Abdomen 0.2 1.3 5.1 16.0 2.7
   Spine 2.0 6.4 9.6 12.3 4.8
   Upper limb 18.1 21.0 11.5 16.8 17.7
   Lower limb 46.4 36.0 21.7 34.5 40.3
   External/burn 0.8 2.1 3.7 2.3 1.6
Mean number of serious injuriesa 0.8 1.5 2.5 4.4 1.5
Inhospital mortality (%) 2.0 4.3 14.8 32.3 7.3
  1. Sample size is equal to the total number other than where indicated by n.
  2. aInjuries with an Abbreviated Injury Scale score ≥ 3.