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Table 2 Laboratory findings at admission to the ICU

From: Early treatment of imported falciparum malaria in the intermediate and intensive care unit setting: an 8-year single-center retrospective study

Parameter All malaria patients (n = 122 [100%]) Noncomplicated malaria (n = 88 [100%]) Complicated malaria (n = 34 [100%]) P Numbers of patients tested
Haemoglobin (g/dl; mean ± SD) 13.7 ± 2 14 ± 1.9 12.9 ± 2.3 0.007 122
Platelet count (× 109/l; mean ± SD) 89 ± 51 104 ± 49 50 ± 32 0.000 122
White blood cell count (× 109/l; mean ± SD) 5.4 ± 2.2 5.1 ± 2.0 6.1 ± 2.5 0.023 122
Plasma prothrombin time (%; mean ± SD) 78 ± 17 79 ± 16 73 ± 17 0.066 122
Serum sodium (mmol/l; mean ± SD) 134 ± 4.7 135 ± 4.2 131 ± 4.6 0.000 122
Serum potassium (mmol/l; mean ± SD) 3.9 ± 0.5 3.8 ± 0.4 3.9 ± 0.7 0.739 122
Serum glucose (mg/dl; mean ± SD) 119 ± 32 124 ± 38 117 ± 29 0.287 122
Total bilirubin (mg/dl; mean ± SD) 1.5 ± 1.8 0.9 ± 0.4 2.8 ± 2.7 0.000 98
C-reactive protein (mg/l; mean ± SD) 102 ± 63 82 ± 45 151 ± 73 0.000 113
Serum aspartate aminotransferase (U/l, median [IQR]) 37 (27–72) 33 (26–59) 61 (35–88) 0.001 122
Serum alanine aminotransferase (U/l; mean ± SD) 60 ± 39 56 ± 36 72 ± 44 0.045 122
Serum creatinine (mg/dl; median [IQR]) 1.1 (0.9–1.3) 1 (0.9–1.2) 1.2 (1.1–1.8) 0.000 122
Serum urea (mg/dl [mean ± SD]) 40 ± 32 29 ± 11 67 ± 48 0.000 122
Serum alkaline phosphatase (U/l [mean ± SD]) 83 ± 36 81 ± 31 88 ± 46 0.457 96
γ-Glutamyl transferase (U/l; mean ± SD) 68 ± 89 60 ± 92 85 ± 79 0.213 99
Lactate dehydrogenase (U/l; mean ± SD) 333 ± 202 259 ± 81 524 ± 282 0.000 122
  1. ICU, intensive care unit; IMC, intermediate care unit; IQR, interquartile range (25th to 75th percentile); SD, standard deviation.