Skip to main content

Table 1 Baseline characteristics at admission to the ICU

From: Early treatment of imported falciparum malaria in the intermediate and intensive care unit setting: an 8-year single-center retrospective study

  All malaria patients (n = 122 [100%]) Noncomplicated malaria (n = 88 [100%]) Complicated malaria (n = 34 [100%]) P
Demographics     
Age (years; mean ± SD) 38.4 ± 11.1 37.1 ± 10.2 42 ± 12.8 0.049
   Male sex (n [%]) 88 (72.1) 62 (70.5) 26 (76.5) 0.506
   Return from Sub-Saharan Africa (n [%]) 107 (87.7) 76 (86,4) 31 (91.2) 0.350
   Nonimmune patients (n [%]) 88 (72.1) 62 (70.5) 26 (76.5) 0.506
   Compliant chemoprophylaxis users (n [%]) 24 (19.7) 17 (19.3) 7 (20.6) 0.874
   Latency period (arrival-admission; days; median [IQR]) 10 (6–15) 10 (7–15) 8 (4–14) 0.778
Initial signs and symptoms     
   Fever (>37°C; n [%]) 118 (96.7) 84 (95.5) 34 (100) 0.265
   Headache (n [%]) 71 (58.2) 57 (64.8) 14 (41.2) 0.018
   Chills (n [%]) 43 (35.2) 31 (35.2) 12 (35.3) 0.994
   Diarrhoea (n [%]) 46 (37.7) 29 (33) 17 (50) 0.082
   Nausea (n [%]) 47 (38.5) 31 (35.2) 16 (47.1) 0.229
   Vomiting (n [%]) 29 (23.8) 20 (22.7) 9 (26.5) 0.687
   Jaundice (n [%]) 11 (9) 0 (0) 11 (32.4) 0.000
   Confusion (n [%]) 5 (4.1) 0 (0) 5 (14.7) 0.001
   Vertigo (n [%]) 25 (20.5) 14 (15.9) 11 (32.4) 0.044
   Myalgias (n [%]) 47 (38.5) 34 (38.6) 13 (38.2) 0.967
   Abdominal pain (n [%]) 10 (8.2) 6 (6.8) 4 (11.8) 0.893
Simplified Acute Physiology Score II (median [IQR]) 13 (9–20) 13 (9–17) 27 (17–36) 0.000
IMC/ICU length of stay (days; median [IQR]) 5 (3–6) 4 (2–5) 6 (5–8) 0.000
Hospital length of stay (days; median [IQR]) 6 (5–8) 5.5 (4–7) 8 (7–10) 0.000
  1. ICU, intensive care unit; IMC, intermediate care unit; IQR, interquartile range (25th to 75th percentile); SD, standard deviation.