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Table 4 Diagnostic accuracy of cut-off values of pulsed-wave Doppler indices derived from protocol A and prospectively tested in protocol B for predicting an invasive PAOP ≤ 18 mmHg

From: Echocardiographic assessment of pulmonary artery occlusion pressure in ventilated patients: a transoesophageal study

Pulsed-wave Doppler indices derived from protocol A Sensitivity (%) Specificity (%) Positive predictive value (%) Negative predictive value (%)
E/A = 1.4 75 (53–89) 100 (60–100) 100 (78–100) 57 (30–81)
DTE > 100 ms 81 (57–94) 63 (26–90) 85 (61–96) 56 (23–85)
AFFa > 31% 79 (57–92) 63 (26–90) 86 (64–96) 50 (20–80)
S/D > 0.65 96 (77–100) 100 (60–100) 100 (82–100) 89 (51–99)
SFb > 44% 92 (71–99) 88 (47–99) 96 (76–100) 78 (40–96)
  1. aVTI A/(VTI A + VTI E) ·100; bVTI S/(VTI S + VTI D) ·100. Numbers between brackets indicate 95% confidence intervals. Abbreviations: AFF, atrial filling fraction; DTE, deceleration time of early diastolic mitral E wave; PAOP, pulmonary artery occlusion pressure; SF, systolic fraction; VTI, velocity time integral.