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Table 1 Criteria for selection of patients for noninvasive positive pressure ventilation

From: Noninvasive positive pressure ventilation as treatment for acute respiratory failure in critically ill patients

Conscious and cooperative patient (chronic obstructive pulmonary
disease patients may be an exception)
No need for urgent endotracheal intubation to protect the airways or
remove copious secretions
No acute facial trauma
No recent gastroesophageal surgery
No active gastrointestinal bleeding
No impaired swallowing
Haemodynamic and rhythm stability
Face mask adequately fitted