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Table 2 Complications observed during MIH and 5 days after rewarming and patients' outcome

From: Efficacy of and tolerance to mild induced hypothermia after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest using an endovascular cooling system

Adverse effects Complications (n [%]) Outcomea
   Good (n = 13) Poor (n = 27)
Bleeding of any severity 3 (8%) 1 (8%) 2 (8%)
Need for packed RBC transfusions 4 (10%) 2 (16%) 2 (8%)
Complication on catheter siteb 3 (8%) 1 (8%) 2 (8%)
Hypokalaemia (< 3.5 mmol/l) 30 (75%) 10 (77%) 20 (74%)
Nosocomial infection (MIH/non-MIH)c    
   Septicemia 5 (13%)/2%c 2 (16%) 3 (11%)
   Urinary tract infection 2 (5%)/7%c 2 (16%) 0
   Pneumonia 5 (13%)/12%c 2 (16%) 3 (11%)
   Bronchitis 6 (15%)/14%c 2 (16%) 4 (15%)
  1. aGood outcome corresponded to CPC scores of 1 or 2; poor outcome corresponded to CPC scores of 3 to 5. bIncluded are haematoma, local haemorrhage and false aneurysm formation. cThis percentage is the rate of infection in patients who did not undergo MIH in our intensive care unit during the study period. MIH, mild induced hypothermia; RBC, red blood cells.