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Table 2 Relative frequencies of conditions contributing to Pulmonary–renal syndrome in the intensive care unit [68-71]

From: Bench-to-bedside review: Pulmonary–renal syndromes – an update for the intensivist

  Pourrat et al. (2000) [68] Gallagher et al. (2002) [70] Cruz et al. (2003) [69] Bucciarrelli et al. (2006) [71]
Number of patients 33a 14b 26c 220d
Perinuclear ANCA vasculitis - 5 11 -
Cytoplasmic ANCA vasculitis 2 5 5 -
Goodpasture's syndrome 3 - 1 -
Antiglomerular basement membrane/perinuclear ANCA positive - 2 - -
Catastrophic antiphospholipid syndrome with adult respiratory distress syndrome - -   56
Other 28 2 10 164
  1. aThirty-three patients admitted to the intensive care unit with 'systemic disease'. 'Other' includes eight cases of systemic lupus erythematosus. bFourteen patients with Pulmonary–renal syndrome. 'Other' included one case of systemic lupus erythematosus. cTwenty-six patients with systemic necrotizing vasculitis. 'Perinuclear antineutrophil cytoplasm antibodies (ANCA) vasculitis' included Churg–Strauss syndrome and microscopic polyangiitis. 'Other' included polyarteritis nodosa, HIV-related vasculitis, cryoglobulinaemic vasculitis and Henoch–Schönlein purpura. dTwo hundred and twenty patients with catastrophic antiphospholipid syndrome included in the catastrophic antiphospholipid syndrome registry. 'Other' included catastrophic antiphospholipid syndrome without adult respiratory distress syndrome.