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Table 4 Summary of outcomes after the 12-hour intervention period

From: Esophageal Doppler-guided fluid management decreases blood lactate levels in multiple-trauma patients: a randomized controlled trial

Parameters Doppler group (n = 80) Control group (n = 82) p
Lactate after 24 hours of ICU stay (mmol/l) 1.99 ± 0.44 2.37 ± 0.59 < 0.0001
The highest SOFA during ICU stay 10 (7–12.75) 11 (7–14) 0.17
Infectious complication    
Pneumonia 10 19 0.09
Central venous catheter 5 6 1.00
Abdominal 2 4 0.68
Urinary tract 3 2 1.00
Wound 2 5 0.44
   Total infectious complications 22 36 0.033
Patients with infectious complications 15 (18.8%) 28 (34.1%) 0.032
Length of ICU stay in days 7 (6–11) 8.5 (6–16) 0.031
Length of hospital stay in days 14 (8.25–21) 17.5 (11–29) 0.045
ICU mortality 11 (13.8%) 16 (19.5%) 0.40
Hospital mortality 13 (16.3%) 18 (22%) 0.43
  1. Values are presented as absolute (percentage) or mean ± standard deviation or median (interquartile range). ICU, intensive care unit; SOFA, Sequential Organ Failure Assessment.