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Table 3 Therapeutic interventions and changes in parameters during the 12-hour study period

From: Esophageal Doppler-guided fluid management decreases blood lactate levels in multiple-trauma patients: a randomized controlled trial

Parameters Doppler group (n = 80) Control group (n = 82) p
Mean arterial pressure (mm Hg) 78 ± 6.5 79 ± 9.5 0.76
Central venous pressure (mm Hg) 13.7 ± 1.8 12.1 ± 2.4 < 0.0001
Lactate (mmol/l) 2.92 ± 0.54 3.23 ± 0.54 0.0003
Intervention    
   Colloid (ml) 1,667 ± 426 682 ± 322 < 0.0001
   Crystalloid (ml) 1,293 ± 300 1,334 ± 320 0.38
   Blood (ml) 814 ± 228 833 ± 340 0.67
   Fresh frozen plasma (ml) 742 (566–949) 750 (562–1,108) 0.69
   Norepinephrine (patients) 18 (23%) 33 (40%) 0.018
   Norepinephrine (μg/kg per minute) 0.093 ± 0.035 0.169 ± 0.068 0.0009
  1. Values are presented as absolute (percentage) or mean ± standard deviation or median (interquartile range).