Skip to main content

Table 5 Nutritional parameters in patients with and without liver dysfunction

From: Liver dysfunction associated with artificial nutrition in critically ill patients

  With liver dysfunction Without liver dysfunction Total p
  166 559 725  
Weight in kilograms 75 (65–80) 70 (65–80) 72 (65–80) 0.3
Nutritional status     0.01
Moderate malnutrition 41 (25%) 84 (15%) 125 (17%)  
Severe malnutrition 14 (8%) 33 (6%) 47 (7%)  
Energy requirements per kilogram 25.54 (24.49–30) 25 (23.33–29.41) 25 (23.64–29.74) 0.04
Type of nutrition     0.001
   Enteral 75 (18%) 347 (82%) 422  
   Parenteral 91 (30%) 212 (70%) 303  
Patients receiving MCT/LCT on TPN 75 158 233 0.2
Days on artificial nutrition 13 (8–25) 8 (4–16) 9 (5–8) 0.001
   Days on EN 7 (1–17) 6 (0–12) 6 (1–13) 0.2
   Days on TPN 5 (0–12) 0 (0–5) 1 (0–7) 0.001
Starting time after ICU admission in days 1 (0.5–2) 1(0–2) 1 (0.2–2) 0.03
Prescribed caloric intake per kilogram on day 1 25 (20.92–29.34) 23.53 (18.75–27.27) 24 (19.3–27.64) 0.01
Administered caloric intake per kilogram on day 1 22.30 (16.88–26.67) 21.43 (16.25–26.15) 21.43 (16.36–26.28) 0.3
Prescribed caloric intake per kilogram on day 3 25 (21.67–30) 24.69 (21.18–28.57) 25 (21.25–29.36) 0.07
Administered caloric intake per kilogram on day 3 23.67 (18.79–28.92) 23.07 (18.70–27.54) 23.14 (18.69–27.99) 0.4
Prescribed caloric intake per kilogram on day 7 26.67 (23.29–30) 25 (20.93–30) 25.66 (21.43–30) 0.06
Administered caloric intake per kilogram on day 7 25 (19.46–29.79) 24.01 (19.85–28.33) 24.31 (19.76–28.61) 0.3
  1. Parenthetical values indicate range or percentage. EN, enteral nutrition; ICU, intensive care unit; MCT/LCT, medium-chain triglyceride/long-chain triglyceride; TPN, total parenteral nutrition.