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Table 4 Demographic data in patients with and without liver dysfunction

From: Liver dysfunction associated with artificial nutrition in critically ill patients

  With liver dysfunction Without liver dysfunction Total p
Number of patients 166 (23%) 559 (77%) 725  
Women 54 (33%) 183 (33%) 237 (33%) 0.9
Age in years 63 (47–72) 63 (44–73) 63 (47–72) 0.8
APACHE II score 18 (14–23) 18 (12–22) 18 (12–22) 0.2
MODS 6 (4–8) 5 (3–7) 5 (3–7) 0.001
Primary diagnosis     0.4
   Gastrointestinal surgery 52 126 178  
   Respiratory failure 26 107 133  
   Stroke 27 98 125  
   Cardiovascular 14 72 86  
   Trauma 16 67 83  
   Infections in non-immunosuppressed patients 12 28 40  
   Infections in immunosuppressed patients 3 8 11  
   Metabolic diseases 1 9 10  
   Urology 3 7 10  
   Hematology 1 8 9  
   Poisoning 2 6 8  
   Obstetrics/Gynecology 3 4 7  
   AIDS 1 1 2  
   Other 5 18 23  
Type of patients     0.03
   Medical 68 294 362  
   Surgical 69 195 264  
   Trauma 29 70 99  
Sepsis on admission 68 (41%) 140 25%) 208 (29%) 0.001
Septic shock on admission 33 (20%) 72 (13%) 105 (15%) 0.02
Patients on mechanical ventilation 152 (92%) 469 (84%) 621 (86%) 0.01
Days of mechanical ventilation 13 (6–24) 7 (3–14) 8 (3–16) 0.001
Intensive care unit length of stay in days 16 (8–28) 9 (5–17) 10 (6–20) 0.001
Hospital length of stay in days 28 (17–29) 23 (14–28) 25 (15–29) 0.01
Mortality at 28 days 47 (28.3%) 157 (28.1%) 204 (28%) 0.9
  1. Parenthetical values indicate range or percentage. APACHE II, Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II; MODS, Multiple Organ Dysfunction Score.