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Table 3 Nutritional parameters

From: Liver dysfunction associated with artificial nutrition in critically ill patients

  TPN EN Total p
  303 422 725  
Weight 70 (63–80) 73 (65–80) 72 (65–80) 0.2
Nutritional status     0.001
Moderate malnutrition 76 (25%) 49 (12%) 125 (17%)  
Severe malnutrition 33 (11%) 14 (3%) 47 (7%)  
Energy requirements per kilogram 25 (23.29–29.37) 25 (23.76–30) 25 (23.64–29.74) 0.7
Patients receiving TPN - 67   
Patients receiving EN 122 -   
Patients receiving MCT/LCT on TPN 186 (61%) 47 (71%) 233 (63%) 0.2
Days of artificial nutrition 8 (4–18) 10 (5–19) 9 (5–8) 0.2
   Days on EN 1 (0–1) 9 (5–18) 6 (1–13) 0.001
   Days on TPN 7 (3–11) 0 (0–1) 1 (0–7) 0.001
Starting time after ICU admission in days 1 (0–2) 1 (0–2) 1 0–2) 0.6
Prescribed caloric intake per kilogram on day 1 24.65 (18.77–28.57) 23.53 (20.00–26.67) 24 (19.3–27.64) 0.09
Administered caloric intake per kilogram on day 1 22.92 (17.57–27.67) 20.8 (15.72–25) 21.43 (16.36–26.28) 0.01
Prescribed caloric intake per kilogram on day 3 25 (21.25–30) 25 (21.25–28.57) 25 (21.25–29.36) 0.3
Administered caloric intake per kilogram on day 3 24.17 (20–29.45) 22.5 (17.65–26.87) 23.14 (18.69–27.99) 0.003
Prescribed caloric intake per kilogram on day 7 25.84 (22.22–29.94) 25.35 (21.43–30) 25.66 (21.43–30) 0.6
Administered caloric intake per kilogram on day 7 24.72 (20–29.46) 24.06 (19.63–28.57) 24.31 (19.76–28.61) 0.2
  1. Parenthetical values indicate range or percentage. EN, enteral nutrition; ICU, intensive care unit; MCT/LCT, medium-chain triglyceride/long-chain triglyceride; TPN, total parenteral nutrition.