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Table 3 Summary of the results for each of the randomized clinical trials of kinetic bed therapy

From: Kinetic bed therapy to prevent nosocomial pneumonia in mechanically ventilated patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Study Sample size Nosocomial pneumonia (treatment vs control) Mortality (treatment vs control) Ventilated days (treatment vs control) ICU LOS (treatment vs control) Hospital LOS (treatment vs control)
Ahrens [17] 255 14/118 vs 45/137 41/118 vs 58/137 10.8 ± 12.2 vs 10.1 ± 10.6 13.5 ± 13.2 vs 13.6 ± 11.3 NR
Bhazad [30] 22 NR NR NR 10 vs 18a NR
Kirschenbaum [23] 37 3/17 vs 10/20 1/17 vs 2/20 21.0 ± 9.9 vs 20.0 ± 9.4 NR NR
Macintyre [7] 103 9/52 vs 13/51 15/52 vs 14/51 NR NR NR
Gietzen [30] 11 NR NR 12.4 ± 3.8 vs 35.5 ± 31.5 17.2 ± 5.8 vs 24.3 ± 11.4 25.0 ± 10.9 vs 44.8 ± 25.8
Traver [27] 103 8/44 vs 17/59 12/44 vs 19/59 3.0 (0–28) vs 3.0 (0–24)b 7.0 (2–43) vs 5.0 (2–53)b 17.5 (3–98) vs 17.0 (3–74)b
Whiteman [29] 69 10/33 vs 14/36 NR 13.8 ± 11.5 vs 16.1 ± 20.6 29.8 ± 27.5 vs 32.0 ± 46.5 NR
deBloisbanc [19] 110 6/69 vs 11/51 27/69 vs 14/51 6.1 ± 7.5 vs 9.9 ± 12.9 7.8 ± 6.7 vs 10.8 ± 10.0 17.0 ± 18.3 vs 18.5 ± 13.6
Nelson [24] 100 NR 4/40 vs 10/60 6.9 ± 8.9 vs 10.9 ± 15.2 8.6 ± 11.7 vs 11.2 ± 15.4 32.9 ± 30.2 vs 32.2 ± 28.2
Shapiro [25] 30 NR NR NR 11.4 ± 10.4 vs 12.3 ± 10.1 25.6 ± 20.8 vs 22.6 ± 19.5
Clemmer [18] 49 NR 3/23 vs 5/26 NR 20.9 ± 16.2 vs 13.9 ± 7.5 27.1 ± 16.5 vs 19.0 ± 10.5
Fink [21] 99 7/51 vs 19/48 10/51 vs 8/48 4 (0–32) vs 7 (0–74)b 5 (1–32) vs 8 (2–74)b 20 (2–201) vs 37 (5–612)b
Demarest [20] 30 1/16 vs 4/14 8/16 vs 6/14 NR 15.1 vs 11.4a NR
Summer [26] 86 4/43 vs 7/43 10/43 vs 11/43 NR 6.7 vs 11.6a NR
Gentilello [22] 65 5/27 vs 13/38 7/27 vs 5/38 8.5 ± 5.3 vs 10 ± 8.2 16.8 ± 13.6 vs 15.0 ± 15.6 NR
  1. aData reported as mean only. bData reported as median and range. ICU, intensive care unit; LOS, length of stay; NR, not reported.